Author's Note: Although Amazons have spread through many cultures, they originated from Greek myth. Xena also was inspired from the Greek world, so due to that, the following Amazons discussed are only from Greek myth. I also refer to Hercules as Herakles, because Herakles was his Greek name.
Graphic Editor's Note: While looking for pictures that would best illustrate this particular article, I found a very interesting site dedicated to serious scholastic study of Amazons. The pictures used in this article are by kind permission of Mag. Gerhard Poellauer, and readers are invited to visit her site at: [ Mysteries of Ancient History and Archaeology ].
THE AMAZONS: A LISTING (03-84)
AMAZONS AS PART OF OUR CULTURE (85-86)
 The word Amazon is of unknown origin, however a folk etymology popped up which explained the word as being a deriviative of the preface "a-", meaning "without", followed by "mazos", meaning "breast". This folk etymology was supported by the folktale that Amazons cut off one breast to facilitate archery. However, this is most likely a story designed to discourage women from taking up archery. This speculation is supported by even the most casual observation of modern day female archers who are more than capable of using the bow with all breasts intact.
 Historically, Amazons were portrayed as beautiful women in Amazonomachies, which was an artform showing battles between the Amazons and Greeks. Amazons were trained to use all weapons and especially in single combat. They were honorable, courageous, brave and represented rebellion against sexism. Their tales spread quickly and soon stories of the Amazons were everywhere, including Africa, Asia, Europe, South America (the Amazon River was named after the female warriors), and North America in the mid-1900s with the comic book hero, Wonder Woman. The following is a list of eighty-two Amazons from Greek myth.
THE AMAZONS: A LISTING
 Aello was one of Hippolyte's Amazons. She was the first to attack Herakles when he came for Hippolyte's girdle. Unfortunately, Herakles now wore the lion skin from his first labor, making him invulnerable. Aello could not kill Herakles and was killed herself. Her name means, "Whirlwind."
 Ainia was an Amazon who was the enemy of Achilles. Due to this, she fought with Penthesilea at Troy, against Achilles. Her name means, "Swiftness."
 Ainippe was one of the many Amazons who went after Herakles' captains, after Hippolyte was killed, in order to avenge their Queen's death. Her name means, "Swift Mare."
 Alcibie fought with Penthesilea at Troy.
 Alcinoe was an Amazon under Andromache. Her name means, "Mighty Wisdom."
 Alcippe was one of Hippolyte's Amazons. She was the ninth and last Amazon to die by Herakles' hand in single combat. After her death, the Amazons fought in force. Her name means, "Powerful Mare."
 Alkaia was one of Queen Andromache's Amazon generals. Her name means, "Mighty One."
 Amynomene was an Amazon serving under Orithia in the Attic War. Her name means, "Blameless Defender."
 Anaea was an Amazon conqueror from the Thermodontine Amazons. She named a city after herself and her tomb lies there.
 Anaxilea was an Amazon whose name was one of royalty. She was believed to be of royal blood.
 Androdameia was an Amazon who fought in the Attic War. Her name means, "Subduer of Men."
 Andromache was an Amazon Queen. Her name means, "Man Fighter."
Herakles fighting against the Amazon Andromache.
 Andromeda served Amazon Queen Andromache. Her name means, "Ruler of Men."
 Antandre fought with Penthesilea at Troy. Her name means, "Preceding Men."
 Antianara was the Amazon Queen of the Thermodon after Penthesilea was killed at Troy.
 Antianeira was an Amazon in the Attic War. Dueled with Theseus in single combat.
 Antibrote was one of the twelve Amazons who helped Penthesilea temporarily liberate Troy.
 Antimache served under Andromache. Her name means, "Confronting Warrior."
 Antimachos was an Amazon who fought in the Attic War.
 Antiope was an Amazon Queen when Theseus attacked. When she was defeated, she married Theseus and had his son, Hippolytus (named after Queen Hippolyte). In one tale, Antiope survived the battle between the Amazons and Theseus, only to be betrayed by the Athenian king, who married another. Antiope attacked the day of the wedding with her Amazons. She had planned to massacre the guests. It took Theseus, his companions and the invincible Herakles to kill her. Her name means, "Confronting Moon."
 Antiopeia was an Amazon archer in the Attic War.
 Areto was an Amazon who went with Pantariste to kill the captains and soldiers of Herakles to avenge the murder of Hippolyte. The Amazons won the battle. Her name means, "Unspeakable."
 Areximacha was an Amazon under Andromache.
 Aristomache was an Amazon who fought Mounichos in the Attic War. Her name means, "Best of Warriors."
 Asteria was named for the Titan mother of Hecate. She was the sixth slain by Herakles in single combat when he came for Hippolyte's girdle. Even though the Amazons knew he was invulnerable, they still chose to fight bravely, challenging him one by one [Editor's note: Just like all the bad do in X:WP and H:TLJ, they always go at the hero one at a time!]. Her name means, "Of the Sky."
An Amazon carrying an injured comrade from the battlefield.
 Bremusa was an Amazon who was one of Penthesilea's twelve companions at Troy, where she died. Her name means, "Raging Female."
 Celaneo was an Amazon under Hippolyte whose best weapon was a spear. She fought with Euryhe and Phoebe, always standing shoulder to shoulder in combat. They were killed by Herakles.
 Clete (or Cleite) was an Amazon Queen, sailing to join Penthesilea at Troy, when she was blown off course. She landed in Italy and founded the city of Clete. Her name means, "The Invoked."
 Clyemne was an Amazon at the Attic war who fought both Theseus and Phaleros in single combat. Her name means, "Famous Might."
 Deianeira was the fifth Amazon killed by Herakles in single combat, during his ninth labor. Her name means, "Strings Together Spoils."
 Deinomache was an Amazon in the Attic War. Her name means, "Terrible Warrior."
 Derimacheia was one of the twelve Amazon companions of Penthesilea at Troy.
 Derinoe was an Amazon who fought for Penthesilea at Troy. Killed Laogonus in single combat.
 Doris was an Amazon named for a sea-goddess. She was a spear-woman in the Attic War. Her name means, "Bountiful."
 Echephyle fought Eudorus in single combat in the Attic War. Her name means, "Chief Defender."
 Eriobea was an Amazon who served under Hippolyte. She was the fourth killed by Herakles in single combat.
 Eumache was an Amazon in the Attic War, who once disarmed and out of arrows, fought with a stone. Her name means, "Good Fighter."
 Eurybe was an Amazon who was handy with a spear. She always fought in an unbeatable pattern with Phoebe and Celaneo. Unfortunately, they were killed by Herakles, when their spears broke against the lion's skin from his first labor. They were killed with one sword stroke. Her name means, "Grand Strength."
 Euryleia fought in the Attic War. Her name means, "Woman Wanderer."
 Harmothoe was an Amazon who was one of Penthesilea's twelve companions. Her name means, "Sharp Nail."
 Hipp was an Amazon Queen. She worked together with another Amazon Queen (Marpesia) and founded the cities, Ephesus, Smyrna, Cyrene and Myrine. Hipp also made a temple to Artemis in Ephesus that remains one of the Seven Wonders of the World. Her name means, "Horse."
The fortress of the Amazons -- in this case, probably Themiskyra.
 Hippolyte was an Amazon Queen. Daughter of Otrera and Ares, God of War. Herakles' ninth labor was to take Hippolyte's war girdle (a gift from her father). When Herakles came, Hippolyte was impressed with his strength and so gave him the girdle. When Hera, Queen of the Gods and step-mother to Herakles saw this, she told Hippolyte's Amazons, that Herakles was there to abduct their Queen. The Amazons attacked Herakles, and during the battle, Hippolyte was killed. Her name means, "Of the Stampeding Horse."
 Hippolyte II was a sister of Penthesilea. While the two were hunting together, Penthesilea accidentally killed her. Penthesilea was so shocked and ashamed, that she left the Amazons, taking twelve of her Amazons with her to Troy.
 Hippomache fought at the Attic War.
 Hippothoe fought with Penthesilea at Troy. Her name means, "Imperious Mare."
 Hypsipyle was an Amazon under Hippolyte. She helped in the fight against Herakles' captains. Her name means, "Of the High Gate."
 Iphito served under Hippolyte. She joined in the battle with Pantariste against Herakles' captains, Telamon, Theseus and Tiamides.
 Kleoptoleme was an Amazon under Queen Andromache.
 Kreousa was an Amazon who was killed by Phylakos in single combat in the Attic War.
 Kydoime was an Amazon under Andromache.
 Laodoke fought with the Amazons in the Attic War.
 Lykopis was an Amazon archer under Andromache. Her name means, "She-Wolf."
 Lysippe was an Amazon Queen. Settled her Amazons near the Black Sea. She was the one who established the policies that Amazons lived by. She was an intelligent woman, an excellent general and founded the city, Themiscrya. She was killed in battle as a hero to her people. Her name means, "She Who Lets Loose the Horses."
 Marpe was the seventh Amazon to challenge and be killed by Herakles.
 Marpesia was an Amazon Queen, who ruled with Lampedo. They excelled at building the Amazon empire. The Caucasus Mountains were once called, "The Marpesians," after her. Marpesia was killed by a group of barbarians during an Asian attack. Her name means, "The Snatcher."
 Melanippe was the sister of Antiope. When Herakles came for Hippolyte's girdle, Melanippe was captured by the son of Zeus. While a prisoner, she planned a successful mutiny, on one of Herakles' ships, that freed her and some other captive Amazons. They took the ship, killing the Greeks and tossed their bodies overboard. Unfortunately, these Amazons were trained to ride horses, not sail, and they were blown to the shores of Scythia. They stole horses and became marauders. Her name means, "Black Mare."
 Melousa was an Amazon in the Attic War, lead by Orithia.
 Mimnousa fought at the Attic War.
Amazon training a horse.
 Molpadia was an Amazon who fought for Orithia. Her name means, "Death Song."
 Okyale was an Amazon archer who fought in the Attic war. She engaged Astyochos in single combat.
 Okypous was an Amazon under Andromache.
 Orithia (or Oreithyia) was a daughter of the Amazon Queen Marpesia. When her mother was killed by Asian barbarians, her mother's position fell to her. She forged an alliance with Sagillus, King of Scythia, who sent his son with an army to help Orithia avenge her mother's death.
 When Herakles' captains fled, Pantariste lead the chase after them. Two Greek foot soldiers attacked her, but she killed them (killing the second by holding his throat until he suffocated). She threw her spear at Captain Tiamides, who blocked it with his shield, but the force knocked him to the ground. She then threw her labrys (a double-headed ax) and beheaded him.
 Penthesilea was the daughter of Orithia and Ares. She was known for her bravery, her skill in weapons and her wisdom. During a hunt, she killed her sister, Hippolyte II. She was so filled with grief that she set out for Troy (which she liberated), but Achilles retook it. Penthesilea's Amazons fought for Troy again. Since she was the daughter of Ares (God of War), she was able to kill many warriors at Troy, including Machaon and the great Achilles. Penthesilea fell at Troy. Her name means, "Compelling Men to Mourn."
 Philippis was the second Amazon of nine to engage Herakles, one-on-one, after he had killed Hippolyte. She was killed. Her name means, "Woman Who Loves Horses."
 Phoebe was the third of the Amazon spear-women with Celaneo and Eurybe. They were killed by Herakles when the Amazons attacked him after Hippolyte's death.
 Pisto was an Amazon under Andromache.
 Polemusa was one of the twelve Amazons who accompanied Penthesilea to Troy.
 Prothoe was the third Amazon to take on Herakles in single combat after Hippolyte's death. Herakles won, killing her. Her name means, "First in Might."
 Pyrgomache was an Amazon who fought in the Attic War. Her name means, "Fiery Warrior."
 Scyleia was an Amazon under Andromache.
 Tecmessa was the eighth Amazon to challenge Herakles in hand-to-hand combat. She was killed. Her name means, "She Who Judges."
 Teisipyte was an Amazon who served under Andromache.
 Telepyleia was an Amazon under Andromache. Her name means, "Far Sailing."
An Amazon saying her prayers in fron of an altar.
 Thalestris was an Amazon Queen during the days of Alexander the Great. Alexander met with Thalestris, and they hunted lions together and had thirteen nights of lovemaking (thirteen is a sacred fertility number for moon worshippers, due to the number of moons in a year). She had hoped to have a mighty daughter from Alexander, but she died soon afterward without issue.
 Thermodosa was one of Penthesilea's twelve Amazon companions at Troy.
 Thraso was an Amazon under Andromache. Her name means, "Confidence."
 Toxaris was an Amazon of Andromache. Her name means, "Archer."
 Toxis was an archer under Andromache.
 Toxophile was an archer under Andromache.
 Valasca (or Dlasta) was an Amazon warrior queen, who ruled for several years in tyranny. She had the right eye and thumbs of all males removed, to make them useless in battle. She wanted to start a new era for the Amazons and she was cruel in her haste, having only a small cult of willing followers. It was not until she died that, "the nation resumed its normal order."
 Xanthippe was an Amazon in the Attic War. Her name means, "Yellow Mare."
AMAZONS AS A PART OF OUR CULTURE
 The myths of the Amazons are a significant part of human culture. The Amazon myth was embraced by Greece, and from there spread all over the world. They were the earliest symbols of a society's fear of feminism. They questioned the order of life and rose against it. They would not allow themselves to be treated as less than human.
 Queen Penthesilea said it was the best when she was quoted at Troy, saying, "Not in strength are we inferior to men; the same our eyes, our limbs the same; one common light we see, one air we breathe; nor different is the food we eat. What then denied to us hath heaven on man bestowed."
Kapru Kale -- Was it the last refuge for the hard-pressed Amazons?